Table 5

Univariate and multivariate predictors of mortality for US patients with infective endocarditis

VariablesUnivariateMultivariate
HR (95% CI)p ValueHR (95% CI)p Value
Bicuspid aortic valve
 NoRefRef
 Yes0.98 (0.50 to 1.93)0.951.00 (0.47 to 1.98)0.98
Gender
 FemaleRefRef
 Male0.97 (0.71 to 1.32)0.841.03 (0.75 to 1.41)0.87
Race
 CaucasianRefRef
 Not Caucasian1.00 (0.67 to 1.50)1.000.88 (0.58 to 1.33)0.54
Elixhauser Score*1.02 (1.01 to 1.03)0.0031.02 (1.00 to 1.03)
Income decile*0.93 (0.88 to 0.99)0.0230.94 (0.89 to 1.00)0.07
  • *Defined as a one point or decile increment