Table 1

Baseline characteristics

Characteristic
Male gender, n (%)157 (83%)
Age (years)57.3±9.7
Time since first AF diagnosis (months)48±52
Long-standing PeAF, n (%)37 (20%)
Left atrial anteroposterior diameter (mm)44±6
Left ventricular systolic function, n (%)
 Good (EF >50%)156 (83%)
 Mildly impaired (EF 40–49%)12 (6%)
 Moderately impaired (EF 30–39%)9 (5%)
 Severely impaired (EF <30%)4 (2%)
Hypertension, n (%)85 (45%)
Diabetes, n (%)12 (6%)
Obstructive sleep apnoea, n (%)11 (6%)
Previous stroke/transient ischaemic attack, n (%)8 (4%)
Ischaemic heart disease, n (%)15 (8%)
  • AF, atrial fibrillation; EF, ejection fraction; PeAF, persistent AF.